Forum Shopping

Refers to choosing a forum in which to bring litigation that favors the plaintiff, either because of levels of local chauvinism and/or xenophobia, demographics of the local jury pool (education level, diversity, rural-cosmopolitan, etc.), variations in rules of procedure or of substantive law, or convenience. Since forum shopping is frequently deplored by judges (who often piously maintain that there is no advantage to be gained and all courts are equally fair), it has negative connotations and is thus an activity many, if not most lawyers publicly deny engaging in, but most reasonably competent litigators indeed do, and most plaintiffs faced with a choice of forums would be very foolish not to. See, Italian Torpedo, Declaratory Judgment.

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